It was a British female mathematician to go the first step on the path to computers back in the 19th century. Ada Lovelace wrote the first program for Charles Babbage‘s analytical engine. Unfortunately, she never could realize this mechanical computer, but she influenced all subsequent programming languages.
The ideas of Ada Lovelace and Charles Babbage were the foundation of the first functioning devices. The German engineer Konrad Ernst Otto Zuse developed the first running computer in 1941. It was controlled by programs and fully automatically.
Dick Morley creates the first programmable logic controller, called PLC, an industrial digital computer to control manufacturing processes. First in 1986 they are connected to personal computers.
Theodore Paraskevakos gets a patent for his machine to machine devices combined with telephony and computing he developed five years before.
Ethernet as computer networking technology is standardized. It enables high bit rates and long link distances. Starting with 2.94 megabits per second data transfer rates now reached 400 gigabits per second.
The World Wide Web is invented to share research results. In the beginning it is an elite circle to use the first internet.
The OPC Foundation is established as an industry consortium to define standards for open connectivity for industrial automation devices and systems.
Wireless machine to machine technology spreads within the industry
Kevin Ashton introduces the term “Internet of Things” for explaining the connection of the Internet connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors. He researched on RFID and other sensors to optimize supply chains.
Amazon launches their Amazon Web Services and introduces cloud technologies. The technology changes industrial and company architechtures.
The OPC Foundation publishes the Unified Architecture (UA) Protocol to enable secure communication between devices, data sources and applications.
Sensors get cheaper in production, devices become smaller and smarter and batteries and solar power become more powerful and economical.
The vision of an Industrial Internet of Things establishes. Augmented and virtual reality become favorite user interfaces for IIoT and data scientists get more power in management.